What are mosquito bites? Why do they itch? How can you get rid of them? These are common questions for a common issue. Most everyone has suffered from mosquito bites in their lives.
Mosquito bites are generally harmless. They appear as pale, itchy bumps on the skin. They become pink or red once scratched, and may only begin to itch two days after the bite. They can result in an allergic reaction, which can cause hives, swelling of the throat and wheezing. In rarer cases, mosquitos can transmit dangerous diseases, which must be treated immediately. If fever, severe headaches, confusion, one-sided weakness of the body, nausea or vomiting occur as a result of mosquito bites, consult a doctor.
These bites are caused by female mosquitos. They itch because while sucking your blood, the mosquito deposits saliva into your system. The saliva contains proteins that often trigger your immune system, resulting in the bump and itchiness.
Scratching the skin can cause infections, and will increase the irritating feeling. Instead, try rinsing the areas with warm water and soap, and applying a hydro-cortisone or antihistamine cream or calamine lotion. Oral antihistamines are also effective at eliminating mosquito bite symptoms.